The Healthureum project might have employed one of the best and most recent innovations to enable medical facilities to provide better healthcare services, but it takes more than the technology to achieve this dream. According to IBM, Blockchain technology has its limitations just like any other technology and is not applicable in all scenarios. However, it is the best solution thus far to improving data management and medical transactions in the healthcare sector. Nonetheless, this technology it also presents a low-value and high-volume transaction challenge making its application a delicate matter. Blockchain technology may impact some users as well as possible applications. At the moment, most healthcare facilities are using EHR systems which are operated by the Health Information Exchange (HIE). The implementation of the Healthureum project means most of these healthcare facilities will have to switch to Blockchain technology just to be part of the Healthureum ecosystem. Both permissioned and permissionless blockchains have been used on the Ethereum platform in the creation of decentralized applications. This inclusion has contributed to the project’s success over the past few years and is expected to do the same for the healthcare sector. However, the Healthureum project faces many challenges in its implementation just as much as the HIE. Here are some of those challenges and their best countermeasures. HIE pain points in project Healthureum’s implementation Full Size and Scalability More often than not, we are forced to delete content from our phones or computers to free up storage space. If these files are not removed, they affect the performance of these devices making them slower and less efficient. The same case applies to Blockchain technology where large file such as scans and other related images are known to affect the Blockchain’s performance. As such, medical institutions might find data sharing a time-consuming affair even with this groundbreaking innovation. However, compared to EHR systems, blockchain technology is more reliable in data storage and guarantees scalability. If medical files from around five medical institutions can affect the performance of a blockchain, think how much a million plus hospitals will do the same, considering the Healthureum project will encompass the entire globe. However, the project has a solution to ensuring that the healthcare revolution does not witness the same delays and cases of data mismanagement endured during the past few decades. Medical institutions can create reference points using hash codes that help in pointing out the source of the information which can be stored off the blockchain. Hash codes not only point to the source of the data but also verify the integrity of the information. Not to mention, the Healthureum project will also grant access control to data sources be it medical institutions or patients to ensure that only those with proper authorization can see the data. This access control will be in the form of a master patient index which will help put medical records in the hands of the legal holders. Patients will have more security on the Healthureum ecosystem as opposed to the current healthcare system where all information is stored in a susceptible system. Dozens of countries are complaining about the increasing levels of cybercrime in the healthcare industry, and despite the full size and scalability challenge, the Healthureum project looks set to address unwarranted access to medical information. However, to ensure that the blockchain runs smoothly with no glitches, users will need to use hash codes to lead to data sources. This move will also ensure accountability from medical institutions and further any progress achieved by research programs while allowing patients to make contributions to such projects willingly and with ease. Regulatory and Data Compliance EHR systems have worked for medical institutions and the HIE as the official modes of storing medical information, but they are not ideal for interoperability. Despite their strict adherence to rules, they are still responsible for thousands of data mismanagement cases. On the other hand, Healthureum’s blockchain technology stored data in a distributed manner. As such, medical information is no longer stored within the confines of a healthcare facility. This switch comes with a lot of risks and as such all data compliance regulations have to be adhered to for the Healthureum project to be a success. Legislations such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 safeguard the integrity of medical data in the United States. As such, its security and privacy are of utmost value to most organizations as mismanaging the information is breaching this law and could get the involved parties in trouble. EHR systems are calibrated to suit a particular hospital’s preferences. While this makes processes such as referrals, data retrieval, and data sharing hard, it helps hospitals act as per the specified laws within the area regarding medical information. With hundreds of countries around the globe each with their own laws in place not to mention the international laws that traverse the borders, the Healthureum project faces a significant challenge in its implementation. However, this project will not only respect and follow all regulatory and data compliance laws such as HIPAA but will also be actively involved in their improvement. Usually, altered medical information can be hard to trace with the current medical systems. In most instances, the culprit is neither in a particular medical institution nor part of the HIE. However, the Healthureum project can aid in their apprehension by providing information regarding the time the data was changed and the person that made the alterations while following all regulations in place. It might also be an extensive project and the first of its kind to stretch blockchain technology to such limits, but Healthureum does not compromise on privacy or regulatory compliance. Not to mention, many hospitals have already unknowingly embraced and helped test the Healthureum project and the success of its Blockchain technology from the mergers and acquisition deals they have signed over the years to overcome financial and regulatory pressure. There will be some hurdles experienced in the implementation of the Healthureum project in some parts of the world regarding data integrity and confidentiality, but the project will consider all these problems from a regulatory and data compliance perspective. As such, the revolution in healthcare facilities will follow the statutes set up by its predecessors in the journey to affordable and accessible healthcare. Blockchain-enabled Medical Devices Medical devices are not monitored appropriately as shown by Europe’s PIP breast implant disaster. There was also a massive recall of hip replacements recently highlighting the considerable deficiency in the existing regulatory systems. The Healthureum project might able to follow all laws in its implementation to ensure a seamless transition in medical services, but it should also be able to authenticate medical products and service providers. However, as opposed to the current systems, Healthureum’s Blockchain technology can track both resources and medical equipment across the Healthureum ecosystem. 16% of 200 healthcare executives involved in research by IBM admitted to taking a proactive approach to Blockchain technology. The amazing response is backed by institutions such as England’s NHS who have commended the technology for its ability to improve care while promoting efficiency in the healthcare sector. The NHS has also set aside 100 million to aid in setting up centers of global digital excellence highlighting the importance of this technology. As such, other places in the world such as Australia have integrated telemedicine services and telehealth, which are managed using blockchain technology, into their healthcare facilities to fantastic results. According to Deloitte, Blockchain technology truly shines when many parties garner transactions capable of changing data in shared responsibility. The involved parties also need to trust the validity of the transactions, and as such, there is no need for intermediaries. Overall, enhanced security is required to ensure the integrity of the system. After its adoption, blockchain technology can aid in the monitoring of medical equipment as well as transactions conducted on the Healthureum ecosystem reducing cases of fraud or manipulation. Every action on the Healthureum blockchain is tracked with a data stamp to ensure accountability and reliability. This technology can also monitor the authenticity of medical infrastructure to make sure that it is fit for purpose. Most healthcare facilities are sold outdated or used medical equipment which not only hinders their growth but also spoils their reputation. Not to mention, in case the machines act as the cause of death in any medical facility, the latter is obliged to make compensations which might cost it a lot financially. Blockchain enabled devices will also help in tracking drug supply chain landing a massive blow on the multi-billion counterfeit drug industry. For some reason, most medical facilities do not see these benefits and continue using outdated technology making it hard for the implementation of the Healthureum project. However, all these benefits will be evident in the hospitals that adopt the Healthureum project, and the rest will soon follow suit. In Closing The pain points discussed above showcase a disjointed and unstandardized system that is highly vulnerable despite strict adherence to data compliance regulations. Stakeholders can no longer share medical information with the same trust guaranteed by Healthureum’s blockchain, and external influences are still manipulating hospital systems. However, with every step, the Healthureum project will keep proving why, thanks to the technology it employs, it is the revolution medical sector has been eagerly awaiting.