Beratung für verschiedene Unternehmen kann sehr komplex sein. Sie werden aus vielen verschiedenen Gründen gerufen, von denen eines die Fehler und Probleme in ihren Systemen, Designs oder Prozessen sind. Es gibt viele verschiedene Analysen, die während der Beratung verwendet werden können, insbesondere während der Produktentwicklung und der Betriebsführung. Eine hochwirksame Analyse ist die Fehlermöglichkeits- und Einflussanalyse oder fmea . In this way, consultants can help a company identify potential flaws in the business’s systems, designs, or processes.
Analysis of failure mode and effects using a combination of severity, frequency, and detectability. By combining these measures, the organization can identify the most likely place where a system, design, or process may fail. This is important because it allows the company to develop responses to the possible failures, thereby reducing costs, downtime and efficiency. Consultants are involved in organizations to reduce risk at multiple levels by prioritizing actions that are most effective in avoiding failure. This type of analysis can be used at any time during a process or design. The sooner it is used, the sooner it can reduce the risk of failure.
There are four steps consultants use in implementing failure mode and effects analysis. These steps include (1) identifying potential errors and their effects, (2) determining the severity, (3) measuring the probability of occurrence, and (4) detecting an error. The result of this analysis gives a risk priority number.
During the first and second step, it is crucial that the consultant identifies all types of errors in the functional requirements and the severity of the errors. The need for this is that a failure in one area can cause a failure in another area and create an avalanche of failures. Therefore, proper analysis of the first step can mitigate errors throughout the process or design. The severity of the error measures the consequences and impact.
The third and fourth steps require the consultant to determine the causes of the errors and their frequency. This can be done in part by looking at similar processes and designs and evaluating where errors have occurred and what the consequences are. After all changes have been made to avoid an error, the consultant must test the system and ensure that no further errors occur.
As the organization grows and introduces new projects, designs, processes or programs, further analysis should be performed, all using the same steps. Another time it should be used when a change is made in a tested system, when new regulations related to the design or process are released, when customers indicate that there is a problem, or when operating conditions change.
Consultants can achieve better results by accepting more jobs. They can use their knowledge and experience to help future customers analyze their systems and make them an expert in fault detection. Using Failure Mode and Effects Analysis helps to maximize profits, increase customer satisfaction, reduce future errors, train employees to catch errors earlier, and improve communication between teams.